Common Camera Shots

Cameo Shot – a shot in which the subject is filmed against a black or neutral background.
Choker – a tight close-up, usually only showing a subject’s face.
Close shot (CS) – a shot in which the subject is shown from the top of the head to mid-waist.
Close up (CU) – a shot of an isolated part of a subject or object, such as the head or hand.
Cutaway – a shot that is related to the main action of the scene but briefly leaves it, such as an audience member’s reaction to a show.
Dolly shot – a moving shot, accomplished by moving the camera as if on a set of tracks.
Establishing shot – a long shot that shows the location and mood.
Extreme Close up (ECU) – a magnified shot of a small detail, such as a subject’s eyes.
Extreme Long shot (ELS) – a wide angle shot from a great distance, such as an aerial or high angle shot of a location.
Eye-Level shot – a shot of the subject at eye level.
Flash – a very brief shot, often for shock effect.
Follow Shot – a shot in which the camera follows the subject.
Freeze frame – a shot that results from repeating the same frame so the subject appears frozen.
Full Shot (FS) – a long shot that captures the subject’s entire body head to toe.
High angle shot- a shot filmed from high above the subject(s).
Long shot (LS) – a shot in which the subject(s) is at a distance, often showing surroundings.
Low-angle shot – a shot filmed down low, often looking up at the subject(s).
Medium-long shot (MLS)-a shot wider than a medium shot but longer than a wide shot.
Medium shot (MS) – a shot where the subject(s) is show from the knees up.
Tight shot – a shot where the subject fills the whole frame.
Two-shot – a medium or close shot wide enough for two people, often used to film a conversation.
Over-the-shoulder (OTS) – a shot that shows us a character’s point of view, but includes part of that character’s shoulder or side of their head in the shot.